Experts on Eye Diseases | How Parents Can Help Their Children Prevent and Control Myopia

Reporter Han HongliMyopia is the most common eye abnormality among teenagers, and to reduce the speed of myopia development, parents need to participate. The question "Experts talk about eye diseases" in this issue is answered by Wang Lei, the attending physician of Jinan Second People's Hospital

Reporter Han Hongli

Myopia is the most common eye abnormality among teenagers, and to reduce the speed of myopia development, parents need to participate. The question "Experts talk about eye diseases" in this issue is answered by Wang Lei, the attending physician of Jinan Second People's Hospital.

In the process of preventing and controlling myopia, parents should try to achieve the following points:

1. Most importantly, parents should be prepared for a prolonged battle

Myopia runs through a child's entire growth and development period, during which their self-control is insufficient and their habits are not established. It is also a peak period for close eye use, and parents need to maintain patience and perseverance, invest enough energy, and work with their children and doctors to win this battle against myopia. Especially in the initial stage, in order to help children establish good habits, the test is the patience and perseverance of parents. The whole family should stay in sync and not be managed by one person. All family members who live with their children have the responsibility to remind and supervise their children's eye use. To find a suitable management method for children, one should not be simple and rough. If a child experiences rebellion and confronts their parents, it is difficult to achieve a good result.

2. Increase outdoor activities under sunlight

Two hours of daily sunlight activity is the only effective way to prevent myopia, and it also has a certain protective effect on children who are already nearsighted. Outdoor activities in the sun do not require children to be in direct sunlight, under tree shade, or on cloudy days. It is not necessary to exercise, simple activities are sufficient. It is recommended that parents create a good family sports atmosphere and actively guide their children to engage in outdoor activities or physical exercise. We recommend swing sports such as badminton and table tennis.

3. Encourage children to maintain good reading and writing posture

Adjust the height of the tables and chairs so that the child's head is upright, feet are flat, eyes are one foot away from the paper, hands are one inch away from the pen tip, and chest is one punch away from the edge of the table. There is a significant difference in height and sitting height between different children, and there is no fixed formula. It is recommended that parents adjust the height of the seat first, and then adjust the height of the table based on the child's sitting height and habits. After adjustment, it is necessary to observe whether the child is comfortable and if there are any other problems; In these years of being tall, adjustments should be made every six months based on changes in height.

Be patient and remind repeatedly not to make children feel uncomfortable. You can find assistive orthodontic devices that are suitable for children. The participation of parents is the most important part of myopia prevention and control. We hope that parents and our doctors can work together to protect the children's eye health.

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