Remember the 'Four' after autumn, keep your blood pressure steady and don't panic!

In autumn, the weather is gradually getting colder, and it has also entered the high incidence season of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases in the elderly. When blood vessels contract when cold, they become thinner, causing insufficient blood supply to the heart and brain, which can easily lead to cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases

In autumn, the weather is gradually getting colder, and it has also entered the high incidence season of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases in the elderly. When blood vessels contract when cold, they become thinner, causing insufficient blood supply to the heart and brain, which can easily lead to cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Another indicator has increased - blood pressure. Vascular constriction causes greater pressure on blood vessels than in spring and summer, and blood pressure is naturally higher. If elderly people want to maintain their blood pressure and live a healthy autumn and winter, they must do the following!

Remember 4 sentences

01

Salt control is as important as taking medication

Surveys around the world show that the amount of salt consumed every day determines the level of hypertension. For example, eating 12 grams of salt every day, 12%; 15 grams of salt, 15%; 6 grams of salt, 6%, is a rough estimate. The current regulation and promotion of the Chinese Medical Association is that patients with hypertension should only eat 5 grams of salt per day.

02

Persist in weight control

Weight is now generally represented by body mass index (BMI), which is the square of weight (kg)/height (m). For example, if a person weighs 70 kilograms and is 1.7 meters tall, dividing 70 by 1.7 and then dividing by 1.7 yields a value of 24.2. The normal value for the general population is 18-24, and for the elderly, 20-25 is suitable. If it is greater than 28, it is considered obese. Overweight and obesity are important factors leading to hypertension.

03

Do aerobic exercise every day

Sweating slightly during exercise, with a heart rate of no more than 120-130 beats per minute, but without holding breath. It is best to do so 5 times a week, each time for at least half an hour. It can perform full body exercises such as walking, jogging, and playing table tennis.

04

Always maintain a calm mood

Cultivate some interests and hobbies that nourish the mind and character, and achieve calmness, open-mindedness, and optimism. If there are some symptoms of anxiety or depression, you can take some medicine.

Remember 3 30 seconds

If you have high blood pressure and postural hypotension, how can you prevent falls? Remember 3 30 seconds when changing positions:

Don't move for 30 seconds from waking up to sitting up;

From sitting up to standing up for 30 seconds, don't move and buffer;

After standing up, stop for 30 seconds before starting to move, and slowly move when changing positions;

In addition, these movements are also very dangerous, such as continuously coughing to increase chest pressure, continuously using force to relieve bowel movements, and suddenly standing up just after completing these movements. Because at this point, abdominal pressure and chest pressure increase, and the blood flow to the heart decreases. After standing up, the blood flows into the blood vessels in the lower limbs, and the blood supply to the heart and brain cannot go up, which can easily lead to problems.

Remember 6 principles

Elderly people are prone to post prandial hypotension because their gastrointestinal tract is congested after eating, and their blood sugar levels also rise, resulting in a relatively low level of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular blood. The regulatory mechanism of elderly people is weakened, resulting in post prandial hypotension, fainting, and even the risk of stroke. Remember six principles to prevent this symptom.

Remember three misconceptions

Firstly, I will buy effective drugs from others;

Secondly, the expensive imported drugs are good, so I will buy them;

Thirdly, I will buy the new and special drugs listed in the advertisement.

Reminder: Only doctors know how to individualized medication for patients. Elderly hypertension is associated with many diseases, and each patient's choice of medication is different, and personalized medication plans must be provided by professional doctors.

Transferred from: Beijing Health Education

Source: Jilin 12320

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